Model Answer of Day – 2, Sociology Optional


Q1. Write a short note on relationship between sociology and economics.

Answer – Economics is the study of the fact that how society uses its limited resources to fulfill its necessities in order to grow. From a barter system of ancient days to today’s consumerist society, all aspects of life.are characterized by economics and sociology.

Economics is concerned with the study of the economic behavior of the people while sociology is concerned with the study of social facts of economic life such as income, occupation, consumption patterns and styles of life.the sociologist critically examine the limitations of economic theory and make a contribution to the study of the economic phenomenon. sociology examines the functioning of economic institutions in relationships with the other institutions of society such as social, political, religious, and cultural institutions. The contribution that social factors make to economics is examined in detail by sociology. Division of labor is an original concept in economics but Emile Durkheim gives social meaning to the evolutionary Idea by studying functions, causes, and abnormal forms of division of labour in social terms.

Sociology and economics are dependent and complementary to each other in various cases. The concept of poverty, growth of nation, illiteracy, etc used in analyzing any economy has its roots in sociology. The factors such as caste, religion, culture, tradition largely influence economics. The welfare of society, GDP growth rate, development are some issues where to ensure welfare Grassroot issues are needed to be solved for which economics is largely dependent on sociology. As an individual is a basic entity of any society for which food, shelter, clothing are basic needs that have to be fulfilled by any economy. If this necessity is being fulfilled well society can grow full-fledged.

Considering the fact that the country started growing rapidly after the Industrial Revolution and we almost turned into consumerist society in the 21st century, it is easy to say that society and societal needs are now revolving around money that is economics. Our daily lives, power, and politics of different mature and immature institutions like state, family, organizations which are the subject matter of sociology are largely dominated by economics. developing technology is making huge money but still, there are problems of unemployment, jobless growth, income inequality which have a direct impact on social life is making nation week as a whole despite of huge economic growth. These issues are to be addressed by both sociology and economics to achieve sustainable development and inclusive growth of society.

Q2. Sociology without history is rootless and history without sociology is fruitless.

Answer – History is a detailed perception of a person, event, chronology, places with respect to time. and on the other hand sociology study of social aspects of human life and collective behavior.

Even though sociology is newer science the origin can be traced in ancient order to study human life. in past sociologists needed to take the help of history and archaeology such that various customs, rituals, institutions, structures of historic and historical times can be analyzed .history has different perspectives such as authentic history, people’s perception of history, subaltern approach, feministic and nationalist approach. And due to this, there may be misinterpretations resulting in class conflicts. Hence here sociology has to play the biggest role.

Debate on history is one of the subject matters of sociology.other name of sociology is a comparative analysis and in order to compare life in past and present, we must study history. The early historians that contributed to studying different great civilizations of the world like Mohenjo-Daro Harappa Mesopotamia can be called a sociologist. Due to them, we have knowledge about the Great civilizations and their social life on which analysis of today’s many customs, traditions is based.

From ancient times we are following different traditions, customs, rituals continued till today. As the present is key to the past by looking into today’s social life we can conclude many aspects of societies in the past and vice versa.according to Karl Marx economics, history, and sociology. According to Karl Marx economics, history and sociology are inseparable because in order to study inequalities in society we must study economics and human history and if due to inequalities conflict arouses and results in social change in sociology comes into the picture.

But despite all about interdependence and similarities there are some differences between the two sciences. according to Emile Durkheim sociology is fact-based unbiased and empirical. But history can be biased, subjective, conjectural. And last but not least sociology is newer science not having old age history and on the other hand histories all science having his own history.
But from the above discussion, we can conclude that both science are sides of the same coin. Sociology without history is rootless and history without sociology is fruitless.

Q3.what is relationship between sociology and common sense?

Answer – The definition of common sense refers to having sound judgment about the fact, situation, or phenomenon not necessarily based on specialized knowledge. On the other hand sociology scientific study of society.

Sociology is more than common sense because it is based on scientific evidence. Ideas and beliefs derived from common sense may turn out to be false and can be contradicted by facts from sociological research. By systematically checking common sense ideas against scientific facts sociology can tell us which popular beliefs are myths and which are realities. Sociological thinking views society as a whole and not as a separate individual or separate institution. Society is an abstract concept that cannot be seen physically, it is a web of relationships.

On the other hand common sense slowly built up by practical knowledge of everyday life social logical thinking difference as it encourages thought and ideas that level higher than individuals’ personal experiences. It gives thoughts on society as a who but common sense and sociology are not totally separated from each other as sociological thinking allows challenges to the preassumed common sense knowledge and urges a more radical and provoking approach to the social realities and social facts. Sociological thinking is integrating and investigating the meanings of social actions and facts that have been branded by common sense. Common sense has already labeled meanings and responses to most of the social facts that are collectively known by the members of society. Repetition of the actions becomes habitually and there is no more questioning for the meaning behind common-sense perspectives of these actions which ultimately forms sociological thoughts and imagination.

Hence we can say that commonsensical approaches are rich sources of insights, ideas and can provide different perspectives about social life which necessarily be tested by methods of science and by sociologists.

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