Previous Year Papers
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Modern History

1. The Decline of the Mughal Empire.

2. Indian States & Societies in 18th Century.

3. The Beginnings of European Settlements.

4. The British Conquest of India.

5. The Structure of the Government and Economic Policies of the British Empire in India, 1757-1857.

6. Administrative Organization and Social & Cultural Policy.

7. Social & Cultural Awakening in the First half of the 19th Century.

8. The Revolt of 1857.

9. Religious and Social Reform Movements.

10. The Struggle Begins (1858-1905).

11. National Movement (1905-1918).

12. National Movement (1919-1939) Era of Mass Nationalism.

13. National Movement: Towards Freedom and Partition (1939-1947).

14. Administrative Changes after 1857.

15. Economic Impact of British Rule in India.

16. Development of Indian Press.

17. Development of Education.

18. Brief on some aspects of British Rule.

19. The Indian States.

20. Civil Rebellions and Tribal Uprisings.

21. Peasant Movements (1857-1947)..

22. The Movement of Working Class.

23. The Evolution of Indian Nationalist Foreign Policy.

2. Indian States & Societies in 18th Century.

24. Communalism and Trends.

2. Indian States & Societies in 18th Century.

25. Role of women in freedom struggle.

26. Contributions of British & Foreigners.

27. Important Persons during freedom struggle & their Approaches to achievement of freedom goals.

28. Post-Independence India.

  • British extension: The Carnatic Wars, invasion of Bengal. Mysore and its confrontation to British expansion: The three Anglo-Maratha Wars. Regulating and Pitt’s India Acts. Early composition of the British raj.
  • Economic Impact of the British Raj: land revenue settlements like Zamindari, Ryotwari, Mahalwari; Deindustrialization; Railways and commercialization of agriculture; increase of landless labor.
  • Cultural encounter and social changes: inception of western education and modern thoughts. Indian Renaissance, religious and social reform movements; Social reforms events before 1857. Development of Indian middle class; the vernacular press and its effects: the rise of modern literature in Indian languages.
  • Confrontation to British rule: Early uprisings; The 1857 Revolt-reasons, character, course and result.
  • Indian Freedom struggle the first stage: Growth of national consciousness; creation of Associations; Establishment of the Indian National Congress and its Moderate stage; Swadeshi Movement; Economic Nationalism; The development of Extremism and the split in Congress; The policy of Divide and Rule; Congress-League Pact of 1916.
  • Gandhian thoughts and techniques of mass mobilization- Civil Disobedience, the Khilafat movement, Non-Cooperation Movement, and Quit India Movement; another strand in the National Movement-Revolutionaries, Subhash Chandra Bose, and the Indian National Army.
  • Separatist movements in Indian politics- the Hindu Mahasabha and the Muslim League; Partition and Independence; The post -1945 developments.
  • India independent to 1964. A parliamentary, democratic, secular. Jawaharlal Nehru’s vision, Foreign policy of Non-alignment, Planning and state-controlled industrialization. Agrarian modification.
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